Water Quality

 

 

Work on Ground Water Quality by PHED:

Present Scenario of Quality Problems in Bihar:

 

 

Water Quality Affected Districts
13 Arsenic
 Prevalence Districts 
11 Fluoride
 Prevalence Districts 
9 Iron
 Prevalence Districts 
  1. Saran
  2. Vaishali
  3. Samastipur
  4. Darbhanga
  5. Buxar
  6. Bhojpur
  7. Patna
  8. Begusarai
  9. Khagaria
  10. Lakhisarai
  11. Munger
  12. Bhagalpur
  13. Katihar
  1. Kaimur
  2. Rohtas
  3. Aurangabad
  4. Gaya
  5. Nalanda
  6. Shiekhpura
  7. Jamui
  8. Banka
  9. Munger
  10. Bhagalpur
  11. Nawada
  1. Supaul
  2. Araria
  3. Kishanganj
  4. Saharsa
  5. Purnea
  6. Katihar
  7. Madhepura
  8. Begusarai
  9. Khagaria

 

Arsenic Affected Districts:

 

 

SL District Name Total Blocks Total Affected Blocks Total Affected Habitations
1. Begusarai 18 4 84
2. Bhagalpur 16 4 159
3. Bhojpur 14 4 31
4. Buxar 11 4 385
5. Darbhanga 18 1 5
6. Katihar 16 5 26
7. Khagaria 7 4 246
8. Lakhisarai 7 3 204
9. Munger 9 4 118
10. Patna 23 4 65
11. Samastipur 20 4 154
12. Saran 20 4 37
13. Vaishali 16 5 76
  Total 195 50 1,590

 

Fluoride Affected Districts:

 

 

SL District Name Total Blocks Total Affected Blocks Total Affected Habitations
1. Nalanda 20 20 213
2. Aurangabad 11 8 37
3. Bhagalpur 16 1 224
4. Nawada 14 5 108
5. Rohtas 19 6 106
6. Kaimur 11 11 81
7. Gaya 24 24 129
8. Munger 9 9 101
9. Banka 11 6 1,812
10. Jamui 10 10 1,153
11. Sheikhpura 6 6 193
  Total 151 98 4,157

 

Iron Affected Districts:

 

 

SL District Name Total Blocks Total Affected Blocks Total Affected Habitations
1. Khagaria 7 3 417
2. Purnea 14 14 3,505
3. Katihar 16 16 766
4. Araria 9 9 2,069
5. Supaul 11 11 3,397
6. Kishanganj 7 7 1,593
7. Begusarai 18 18 2,206
8. Madhepura 13 13 2,445
9. Saharsa 10 10 2,275
  Total 105 101 18,673

 

Health Implications:

 

 

Critical Concerns and Key Challenges:

 

Steps and Intervention taken up:

Mitigation Measures in Arsenic/Fluoride/Iron affected Districts:

 

Software Mitigation activities

IEC Materials

 

IEC tools developed for informing community volunteers, Frontline functionaries both belonging to Govt and NGO stream are the following: Hand outs, FAQs on Myths & realities, posters on Signs & symptoms for general awareness, Wall paintings and relevant training materials for the field staff.

 

Community Consultation

 

 

IEC Tools for Social Mobilization

 

 

Hardware Activities:

 

The mitigation options is taken up on the basis of availability of water sources and geological conditions of the districts are following:

 

Long-term Mitigation

Surface water Source:

Ground water Source:

Short-term Mitigation

Multi-Village Piped Water Schemes:

 

Raw Water Source: Surface Water.

 

Piped water supply scheme from safe aquifer

District: Jamui, Hardia Piped Water Supply.

 

Construction and Renovation of Sanitary Dug-Well for Safe Water

 
Sanitary dug wells with IM3

for catering arsenic free water

  Sanitary dug wells

with solar based pump

 

Solar based mini piped water supply scheme with Arsenic & Iron treatment unit

 
Premises of mini piped Water Supply Scheme   Treatment Plant

Sahlampur, Block:Mohanpur, District: Samastipur.

 

Handpump with Fluoride attachment Treatment Unit

Supply of Fluoride Free Water after Proper Treatment.